The Heritage of Wu (Hao) Style tai chi

Wu (Hao) style tai chi, also known as Wu Yuxiang style tai chi, was developed in China at the turn of the nineteenth century in Yongnian county, Hebei, China, by Wu Yuxiang and his nephew Li Yiyu. Both Wu and Li were literati, and belonged to the degree holding elite class of the day.  One of the theories as to why Wu (Hao) style tai chi has not become as popular as its contemporaries, such as Yang style or Chen style, was that its founders, in keeping with their literati tradition, would only let descendents practice tai chi for their own health and self-defense, but would not let them become professional tai chi teachers.

Li Yiyu later adopted Hao Weizhen as his student.  It was only after Hao Weizhen’s rise to fame that he started teaching his style to the outside world.

In the 1930s, Hao Weizhen’s son, Hao Yueru and grandson, Hao Shaoru went south to Shanghai, Changzhou, and Nanjing, introducing this style of tai chi into southern China.

In northern China, the style was spread by Hao Weizhen’s student Li Baoyu (also named Li Xiangyuan).  Therefore, the Wu (Yu-Xiang) style is also known in the north as the Wu (Li ) style, and in the south as the Wu (Hao) style.

In the 1960s, the famous tai chi scholar Gu Liuxin advocated the study of tai chi and opened the study of tai chi’s five main styles, Chen, Yang, Wu (Hao), Wu [Chien Chuan] and Sun, to the public at the Shanghai Sports Hall.  The teachers there were all famous practitioners of their respective styles. Hao Shaoru, who by then was well-known among his tai chi peers for his high achievements and talents, was invited to teach the Wu (Hao) style there.

It was during this time that Master Liu Jishun became one of Hao Shaoru’s first two students.  In the 40+ years since Master Liu Jishun has never stopped practicing this style.  At the All-China National tai chi Championships in the early 1980s, Hao Shaoru could not participate as a judge and nominated Master Liu Jishun to be his representative. Thereafter, Master Liu Jishun represented Hao Shaoru in continuing the teaching of Wu (Hao) style in Shanghai, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Singapore and elsewhere.

In 1986, China held the first National tai chi Experts Exchange and Performance Meeting in Chengdu, Sichuan.  Master Liu Jishun was invited by Gu Liuxing and named one of the representatives of the Wu (Hao) style.  The other representative was Master Liu’s fellow disciple, Master Pu Gongda.

In 1988 the second National tai chi Experts Exchange and Performance Meeting was held in Guangzhou, and Master Liu was again representing this style.

In 1991, Master Liu was nominated Honorary President of the Yongnian County Tai Chi Association, Hebei Province, and represented the association at meetings and performances.

Since the spread of Wu (Hao) style tai chi, it has evolved into a northern style and a southern style.  The northern style is represented by Li Baoyu (Li Xiangyuan), and the southern style by Hao family’s third generation master Hao Shaoru.  Hao Shaoru himself has passed on the knowledge of this style to Masters Liu Jishun and Pu Gongda, who became the fourth generation lineage holders of this style.

In 1995, Master Liu came to the United States and shortly settled in the San Francisco Bay Area, where he founded the Wu (Hao) Tai Chi Association and has been teaching Wu (Hao) style tai chi to the public since.

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